A Review of the Role of Vegetal Ecosystems in CO2 Capture

Giuseppe Di Vita, Manuela Pilato, Biagio Pecorino, Filippo Brun, Mario D'AMico

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Abstract

The reduction of carbon emissions is a worldwide global challenge and represents the objective of many scientists that are trying to modify the role of carbon, turning a problem into an opportunity. The potential of CO2 capture and storage by vegetal species is significant because of their capacity to absorb exceeding carbon emission. The purpose of the present paper is to draw a picture of the role of vegetal ecosystems on carbon fixation by identifying the most significant scientific contributions related to the absorption by vegetal species. In particular the aim of this paper is to examine different forms of CO2 sequestration made by plants and crops involved in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission. Results highlight the important role played by agricultural soils, forests, perennial plants, and algae, looking at the overall reduction of carbon emissions. In addition, results show that some bioenergy crops allow substantial storage of carbon dioxide, providing a significant contribution to climate change mitigation. View Full-Text Keywords: CO2 capture; CO2 storage; agricultural sustainability; carbon fixation; forest plants; bioenergy crops; perennial plants; annual plants
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
JournalSustainability
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • CO2 capture
  • CO2 storage
  • agricultural sustainability
  • carbon fixation
  • forest plants
  • bioenergy crops
  • perennial plants
  • annual plants

Cite this

Di Vita, G., Pilato, M., Pecorino, B., Brun, F., & D'AMico, M. (2017). A Review of the Role of Vegetal Ecosystems in CO2 Capture. Sustainability, 9(10), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9101840