A Survey on an Emerging Area: Deep Learning for Smart City Data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Rapid urbanisation has brought about great challenges to our daily lives, such as traffic congestion, environmental pollution, energy consumption, public safety and so on. Research on smart cities aims to address these issues with various technologies developed for the Internet of Things. Very recently, the research focus has shifted towards processing of massive amount of data continuously generated within a city environment, e.g., physical and participatory sensing data on traffic flow, air quality, and healthcare. Techniques from computational intelligence have been applied to process and analyse such data, and to extract useful knowledge that helps citizens better understand their surroundings and informs city authorities to provide better and more efficient public services. Deep learning, as a relatively new paradigm in computational intelligence, has attracted substantial attention of the research community and demonstrated greater potential over traditional techniques. This paper provides a survey of the latest research on the convergence of deep learning and smart city from two perspectives: while the technique-oriented review pays attention to the popular and extended deep learning models, the application-oriented review emphasises the representative application domains in smart cities. Our study showed that there are still many challenges ahead for this emerging area owing to the complex nature of deep learning and wide coverage of smart city applications. We pointed out a number of future directions related to deep learning efficiency, emergent deep learning paradigms, knowledge fusion and privacy preservation, and hope these would move the relevant research one step further in creating truly distributed intelligence for smart cities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392 - 410
JournalIEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Cite this

De, S. (2019). A Survey on an Emerging Area: Deep Learning for Smart City Data. IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence, 3(5), 392 - 410. https://doi.org/10.1109/TETCI.2019.2907718
De, Suparna. / A Survey on an Emerging Area: Deep Learning for Smart City Data. In: IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence. 2019 ; Vol. 3, No. 5. pp. 392 - 410.
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De, S 2019, 'A Survey on an Emerging Area: Deep Learning for Smart City Data', IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 392 - 410. https://doi.org/10.1109/TETCI.2019.2907718

A Survey on an Emerging Area: Deep Learning for Smart City Data. / De, Suparna.

In: IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence, Vol. 3, No. 5, 01.05.2019, p. 392 - 410.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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De S. A Survey on an Emerging Area: Deep Learning for Smart City Data. IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence. 2019 May 1;3(5):392 - 410. https://doi.org/10.1109/TETCI.2019.2907718