Adolescent masculinity in the 1980s was marked by the need to distance oneself from the specter of ‘the fag.’ In this homohysteric culture, compulsory heterosexuality and high rates of anti-gay sentiment necessitated that adolescent boys distance themselves from anything associated with femininity. It was this zeitgeist that brought Connell’s hegemonic masculinity theory to the vanguard of masculine studies. However, homohysteria has diminished among adolescents today. Accordingly, in this article, I foreground research extracts from multiple ethnographies on groups of 16-year-old adolescent boys in order to contextualize the repeated and consistent data I find throughout both the United States and the United Kingdom. In explaining how the diminishment of homohysteria promotes a ‘One-Direction’ culture of inclusive and highly feminized masculinities, I suggest that new social theories are required.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2013|
- Inclusive masculinities