Barriers and facilitators to participating in physical activity for adults with breast cancer receiving adjuvant treatment: A qualitative metasynthesis

Jacqueline F. Lavallée, Shanara Abdin, James Faulkner, Margaret Husted

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective: Physical activity can improve the health and well-being of individuals receiving adjuvant treatment for breast cancer, but engagement in physical activity can be low. This review synthesises the barriers and facilitators to engaging with and participating in physical activity whilst receiving treatment. Methods: The metasynthesis of qualitative studies is reported in line with the PRISMA statement. We systematically searched eight databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PsycINFO, CINAHL, British Library, OpenGrey, and Conference Proceedings Citation Index) from inception to November 30, 2017. A total of 1276 abstracts were retrieved and screened by two reviewers independently. Data from eligible studies were extracted and critically appraised. As this review concerns qualitative studies only, a CER-QUAL GRADE assessment was completed. Results: A total of 13 studies were included. Four clear themes emerged (side effects of treatment, beliefs about physical activity, focus on health not illness, and social factors) each containing both barriers and facilitators. Key facilitators to participating in physical activity during adjuvant treatment included positive physical benefits, improvements in psychological well-being, and increased self-esteem and empowerment. Further, having a knowledgeable instructor, tailored information, and a supportive environment were important to women undergoing treatment. Main barriers included fatigue and pain, as well as work and caring responsibilities. Conclusions: Incorporating physical activity into treatment regimens is important. Focusing on being less sedentary and providing accurate, tailored information should be prioritised within future interventions. Having a supportive environment and accounting for the particular barriers or facilitators to engagement identified here should aid the success of future interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-476
Number of pages9
JournalPsycho-Oncology
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • adherence
  • barriers
  • breast cancer
  • facilitators
  • oncology
  • physical activity
  • review
  • synthesis

Cite this

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title = "Barriers and facilitators to participating in physical activity for adults with breast cancer receiving adjuvant treatment: A qualitative metasynthesis",
abstract = "Objective: Physical activity can improve the health and well-being of individuals receiving adjuvant treatment for breast cancer, but engagement in physical activity can be low. This review synthesises the barriers and facilitators to engaging with and participating in physical activity whilst receiving treatment. Methods: The metasynthesis of qualitative studies is reported in line with the PRISMA statement. We systematically searched eight databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PsycINFO, CINAHL, British Library, OpenGrey, and Conference Proceedings Citation Index) from inception to November 30, 2017. A total of 1276 abstracts were retrieved and screened by two reviewers independently. Data from eligible studies were extracted and critically appraised. As this review concerns qualitative studies only, a CER-QUAL GRADE assessment was completed. Results: A total of 13 studies were included. Four clear themes emerged (side effects of treatment, beliefs about physical activity, focus on health not illness, and social factors) each containing both barriers and facilitators. Key facilitators to participating in physical activity during adjuvant treatment included positive physical benefits, improvements in psychological well-being, and increased self-esteem and empowerment. Further, having a knowledgeable instructor, tailored information, and a supportive environment were important to women undergoing treatment. Main barriers included fatigue and pain, as well as work and caring responsibilities. Conclusions: Incorporating physical activity into treatment regimens is important. Focusing on being less sedentary and providing accurate, tailored information should be prioritised within future interventions. Having a supportive environment and accounting for the particular barriers or facilitators to engagement identified here should aid the success of future interventions.",
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Barriers and facilitators to participating in physical activity for adults with breast cancer receiving adjuvant treatment : A qualitative metasynthesis. / Lavallée, Jacqueline F.; Abdin, Shanara; Faulkner, James; Husted, Margaret.

In: Psycho-Oncology, Vol. 28, No. 3, 18.01.2019, p. 468-476.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Barriers and facilitators to participating in physical activity for adults with breast cancer receiving adjuvant treatment

T2 - A qualitative metasynthesis

AU - Lavallée, Jacqueline F.

AU - Abdin, Shanara

AU - Faulkner, James

AU - Husted, Margaret

PY - 2019/1/18

Y1 - 2019/1/18

N2 - Objective: Physical activity can improve the health and well-being of individuals receiving adjuvant treatment for breast cancer, but engagement in physical activity can be low. This review synthesises the barriers and facilitators to engaging with and participating in physical activity whilst receiving treatment. Methods: The metasynthesis of qualitative studies is reported in line with the PRISMA statement. We systematically searched eight databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PsycINFO, CINAHL, British Library, OpenGrey, and Conference Proceedings Citation Index) from inception to November 30, 2017. A total of 1276 abstracts were retrieved and screened by two reviewers independently. Data from eligible studies were extracted and critically appraised. As this review concerns qualitative studies only, a CER-QUAL GRADE assessment was completed. Results: A total of 13 studies were included. Four clear themes emerged (side effects of treatment, beliefs about physical activity, focus on health not illness, and social factors) each containing both barriers and facilitators. Key facilitators to participating in physical activity during adjuvant treatment included positive physical benefits, improvements in psychological well-being, and increased self-esteem and empowerment. Further, having a knowledgeable instructor, tailored information, and a supportive environment were important to women undergoing treatment. Main barriers included fatigue and pain, as well as work and caring responsibilities. Conclusions: Incorporating physical activity into treatment regimens is important. Focusing on being less sedentary and providing accurate, tailored information should be prioritised within future interventions. Having a supportive environment and accounting for the particular barriers or facilitators to engagement identified here should aid the success of future interventions.

AB - Objective: Physical activity can improve the health and well-being of individuals receiving adjuvant treatment for breast cancer, but engagement in physical activity can be low. This review synthesises the barriers and facilitators to engaging with and participating in physical activity whilst receiving treatment. Methods: The metasynthesis of qualitative studies is reported in line with the PRISMA statement. We systematically searched eight databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PsycINFO, CINAHL, British Library, OpenGrey, and Conference Proceedings Citation Index) from inception to November 30, 2017. A total of 1276 abstracts were retrieved and screened by two reviewers independently. Data from eligible studies were extracted and critically appraised. As this review concerns qualitative studies only, a CER-QUAL GRADE assessment was completed. Results: A total of 13 studies were included. Four clear themes emerged (side effects of treatment, beliefs about physical activity, focus on health not illness, and social factors) each containing both barriers and facilitators. Key facilitators to participating in physical activity during adjuvant treatment included positive physical benefits, improvements in psychological well-being, and increased self-esteem and empowerment. Further, having a knowledgeable instructor, tailored information, and a supportive environment were important to women undergoing treatment. Main barriers included fatigue and pain, as well as work and caring responsibilities. Conclusions: Incorporating physical activity into treatment regimens is important. Focusing on being less sedentary and providing accurate, tailored information should be prioritised within future interventions. Having a supportive environment and accounting for the particular barriers or facilitators to engagement identified here should aid the success of future interventions.

KW - adherence

KW - barriers

KW - breast cancer

KW - facilitators

KW - oncology

KW - physical activity

KW - review

KW - synthesis

U2 - 10.1002/pon.4980

DO - 10.1002/pon.4980

M3 - Review article

VL - 28

SP - 468

EP - 476

JO - Psycho-Oncology

JF - Psycho-Oncology

SN - 1057-9249

IS - 3

ER -