Beyond Intimate Partner Relationships: Utilising Domestic Homicide Reviews to Prevent Adult Family Domestic Homicide

Kelly Bracewell, Cassandra Jones, Alina Haines-Delmont, Elaine Craig, Joy Duxbury, Khatidja Chantler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Increasing evidence documents domestic violence and abuse (DVA) and domestic homicide (DH) of adults killed by a relative in non-intimate partner relationships. Most literature focuses on intimate partner violence and homicide, yet non-intimate partner DH form a substantial but neglected minority of DHs. This article addresses this gap by presenting an analysis from 66 domestic homicide reviews (DHRs) in England and Wales where the victim and perpetrator were related, such as parent and adult child. Intimate partner homicides are excluded. These 66 DHRs were a sub-sample drawn from a larger study examining 317 DHRs in England and Wales.

The paper contributes towards greater understanding of the prevalence, context and characteristics of adult family homicide (AFH). Analysis revealed five interlinked precursors to AFH: mental health and substance/alcohol misuse, criminal history, childhood trauma, financial factors and care dynamics. Findings indicate that, given their contact with both victims and perpetrators, criminal justice agencies, adult social care and health agencies, particularly mental health services, are ideally placed to identify important risk and contextual factors. Understanding of DVA needs to extend to include adult family violence. Risk assessments need to be cognisant of the complex dynamics of AFH and must consider social-structural and relational-contextual factors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Gender-Based Violence
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 14 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • adult family domestic homicide
  • domestic violence
  • mental health
  • childhood trauma
  • care dynamics

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