Brain-derived neurotrophic factor val66met polymorphism is associated with a reduced ERP component indexing emotional recollection

Rhiannon Jones, Gavin Craig, Joydeep Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The Met allele of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism is associated with reduced functioning of the amygdala and hippocampus. It has been linked to major psychiatric conditions, including depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, and is associated with deficits in episodic memory. The precise mechanisms of the BDNF gene’s influence on emotional memory are not well characterized, especially its impact on recognition. Two electrophysiological experiments of emotional memory were run on two independent samples genotyped for BDNF Val66Met. Event-related potentials (ERPs) corresponding to the recognition of negative and neutral words (Experiment 1, N = 37) and negative and positive words (Experiment 2, N = 23) were recorded, and the late parietal component (LPC), typically associated with conscious recollection, was analyzed. In Experiment 1, a reduced LPC was observed in Met carriers (N = 12) compared to Val homozygotes (N = 25) in the negative condition, but the group difference was not present in the neutral condition. In Experiment 2, the reduced LPC was seen in Met carriers (N = 12) compared to Val homozygotes (N = 11) across both conditions. This study provides the first evidence of an association between the BDNF Val66Met genotype and the late parietal electrophysiological component, suggesting that the conscious experience of emotional recollection may differ according to BDNF Val66Met genotype. Further, these results suggest that this effect is likely due to emotional arousal rather than valence polarity. Results were discussed with reference to the possible mechanisms by which emotional recollection deficits may contribute to psychopathology.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1922
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume10
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • BDNF Val66Met
  • Emotion
  • Genetic
  • LPC
  • Memory bias
  • Old/new
  • Recollection

Cite this

Jones, Rhiannon ; Craig, Gavin ; Bhattacharya, Joydeep. / Brain-derived neurotrophic factor val66met polymorphism is associated with a reduced ERP component indexing emotional recollection. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. AUG.
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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor val66met polymorphism is associated with a reduced ERP component indexing emotional recollection. / Jones, Rhiannon; Craig, Gavin; Bhattacharya, Joydeep.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 10, No. AUG, 1922, 21.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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