Children's implicit understanding of the stress-illness link: Testing development of health cognitions.

Tara J. Cheetham, Julie M. Turner-Cobb, Tim Gamble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective Innate knowledge and developmental stage theory have been used to explain children's understanding of concepts relating to health, illness, and stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which children demonstrate unconscious cognitive associations between the concepts of stress and illness. Design The study employed an experimental design using an age appropriate implicit association task. Methods Thirty-two children (5–11 years of age) completed the Preschool Implicit Association Test (PSIAT), a computer-based measure of reaction time to consistent (stress and illness) and inconsistent (stress and health) concept pairings. Results Whilst age group had a significant effect on reaction times (older children generally displaying faster reaction times than younger children), those as young as 5–6 years of age were able to demonstrate implicit associations between stress and illness using the PSIAT. There was also some indication that this association peaks at around 7–8 years of age. Conclusions Findings support a combination of developmental stage theory and the innate theory of children's understanding. Whilst sample size is small, this study is the first to apply the PSIAT to the context of implicit cognitive associations between stress and illness in children. Findings have potential implications for the delivery of interventions to facilitate health promotion and development of positive health behaviours in children and indicate that even children as young as 5–6 years have some ability to relate to the concept that stress may influence illness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-795
JournalBritish Journal of Health Psychology
Volume21
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • developmental theory
  • children
  • unconscious cognitive associations
  • stress-illness

Cite this

@article{66f3509f399746a39714beea579fc89e,
title = "Children's implicit understanding of the stress-illness link: Testing development of health cognitions.",
abstract = "Objective Innate knowledge and developmental stage theory have been used to explain children's understanding of concepts relating to health, illness, and stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which children demonstrate unconscious cognitive associations between the concepts of stress and illness. Design The study employed an experimental design using an age appropriate implicit association task. Methods Thirty-two children (5–11 years of age) completed the Preschool Implicit Association Test (PSIAT), a computer-based measure of reaction time to consistent (stress and illness) and inconsistent (stress and health) concept pairings. Results Whilst age group had a significant effect on reaction times (older children generally displaying faster reaction times than younger children), those as young as 5–6 years of age were able to demonstrate implicit associations between stress and illness using the PSIAT. There was also some indication that this association peaks at around 7–8 years of age. Conclusions Findings support a combination of developmental stage theory and the innate theory of children's understanding. Whilst sample size is small, this study is the first to apply the PSIAT to the context of implicit cognitive associations between stress and illness in children. Findings have potential implications for the delivery of interventions to facilitate health promotion and development of positive health behaviours in children and indicate that even children as young as 5–6 years have some ability to relate to the concept that stress may influence illness.",
keywords = "developmental theory, children, unconscious cognitive associations, stress-illness",
author = "Cheetham, {Tara J.} and Turner-Cobb, {Julie M.} and Tim Gamble",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "22",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "781--795",

}

Children's implicit understanding of the stress-illness link: Testing development of health cognitions. / Cheetham, Tara J.; Turner-Cobb, Julie M.; Gamble, Tim.

Vol. 21, 22.12.2015, p. 781-795.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Children's implicit understanding of the stress-illness link: Testing development of health cognitions.

AU - Cheetham, Tara J.

AU - Turner-Cobb, Julie M.

AU - Gamble, Tim

PY - 2015/12/22

Y1 - 2015/12/22

N2 - Objective Innate knowledge and developmental stage theory have been used to explain children's understanding of concepts relating to health, illness, and stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which children demonstrate unconscious cognitive associations between the concepts of stress and illness. Design The study employed an experimental design using an age appropriate implicit association task. Methods Thirty-two children (5–11 years of age) completed the Preschool Implicit Association Test (PSIAT), a computer-based measure of reaction time to consistent (stress and illness) and inconsistent (stress and health) concept pairings. Results Whilst age group had a significant effect on reaction times (older children generally displaying faster reaction times than younger children), those as young as 5–6 years of age were able to demonstrate implicit associations between stress and illness using the PSIAT. There was also some indication that this association peaks at around 7–8 years of age. Conclusions Findings support a combination of developmental stage theory and the innate theory of children's understanding. Whilst sample size is small, this study is the first to apply the PSIAT to the context of implicit cognitive associations between stress and illness in children. Findings have potential implications for the delivery of interventions to facilitate health promotion and development of positive health behaviours in children and indicate that even children as young as 5–6 years have some ability to relate to the concept that stress may influence illness.

AB - Objective Innate knowledge and developmental stage theory have been used to explain children's understanding of concepts relating to health, illness, and stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which children demonstrate unconscious cognitive associations between the concepts of stress and illness. Design The study employed an experimental design using an age appropriate implicit association task. Methods Thirty-two children (5–11 years of age) completed the Preschool Implicit Association Test (PSIAT), a computer-based measure of reaction time to consistent (stress and illness) and inconsistent (stress and health) concept pairings. Results Whilst age group had a significant effect on reaction times (older children generally displaying faster reaction times than younger children), those as young as 5–6 years of age were able to demonstrate implicit associations between stress and illness using the PSIAT. There was also some indication that this association peaks at around 7–8 years of age. Conclusions Findings support a combination of developmental stage theory and the innate theory of children's understanding. Whilst sample size is small, this study is the first to apply the PSIAT to the context of implicit cognitive associations between stress and illness in children. Findings have potential implications for the delivery of interventions to facilitate health promotion and development of positive health behaviours in children and indicate that even children as young as 5–6 years have some ability to relate to the concept that stress may influence illness.

KW - developmental theory

KW - children

KW - unconscious cognitive associations

KW - stress-illness

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 781

EP - 795

ER -