Food Consumption Patterns and Body Composition in Children: Moderating Effects of Prop Taster Status

Lee Stoner, Nick Castro, Anna Kucharska-Newton, Abby Smith-Ryan, Sally Lark, Michelle Williams, James Faulkner, Paula Skidmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This cross-sectional study determined whether 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) taster status moderates the relationship between food consumption patterns and body composition in children. Children were recruited (n = 342, 50% female, 8-10 y) from across New Zealand. Using a food frequency questionnaire, these food consumption patterns were derived: Processed Foods, Fruit and Vegetables, and Breakfast Foods. Body composition variables included: body fat (%), fat mass (kg), fat mass index (FMI, kg/m2), body mass index (kg/m2) and waist to height ratio (W:Ht). Following adjustment for confounders, Processed Foods were positively associated with %fat (p = 0.015), fat mass (p = 0.004) and FMI (p = 0.016). Taste test strips determined PROP status. For Breakfast Foods, there were small negative associations with all body composition variables (p ≤ 0.001 to 0.037). The population sample was also stratified by PROP taster status. For the non-tasters, there were small to moderate negative associations between Breakfast Foods and each body composition variable (p = 0.003-0.045) except W:Ht (p = 0.112), and these relationships were stronger for girls compared to boys. For the tasters, there were small to moderate positive associations between Processed Foods with %fat (p = 0.030), fat mass (p ≤ 0.001) and FMI (p = 0.014). In conclusion, sensitivity to bitterness may moderate the relationship between food consumption patterns and body composition in children.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • bitterness
  • breakfast
  • children
  • fruits and vegetables
  • obesity
  • overweight
  • processed foods

Cite this

Stoner, L., Castro, N., Kucharska-Newton, A., Smith-Ryan, A., Lark, S., Williams, M., ... Skidmore, P. (2019). Food Consumption Patterns and Body Composition in Children: Moderating Effects of Prop Taster Status. Nutrients, 11(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092037
Stoner, Lee ; Castro, Nick ; Kucharska-Newton, Anna ; Smith-Ryan, Abby ; Lark, Sally ; Williams, Michelle ; Faulkner, James ; Skidmore, Paula. / Food Consumption Patterns and Body Composition in Children: Moderating Effects of Prop Taster Status. In: Nutrients. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 9.
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abstract = "This cross-sectional study determined whether 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) taster status moderates the relationship between food consumption patterns and body composition in children. Children were recruited (n = 342, 50{\%} female, 8-10 y) from across New Zealand. Using a food frequency questionnaire, these food consumption patterns were derived: Processed Foods, Fruit and Vegetables, and Breakfast Foods. Body composition variables included: body fat ({\%}), fat mass (kg), fat mass index (FMI, kg/m2), body mass index (kg/m2) and waist to height ratio (W:Ht). Following adjustment for confounders, Processed Foods were positively associated with {\%}fat (p = 0.015), fat mass (p = 0.004) and FMI (p = 0.016). Taste test strips determined PROP status. For Breakfast Foods, there were small negative associations with all body composition variables (p ≤ 0.001 to 0.037). The population sample was also stratified by PROP taster status. For the non-tasters, there were small to moderate negative associations between Breakfast Foods and each body composition variable (p = 0.003-0.045) except W:Ht (p = 0.112), and these relationships were stronger for girls compared to boys. For the tasters, there were small to moderate positive associations between Processed Foods with {\%}fat (p = 0.030), fat mass (p ≤ 0.001) and FMI (p = 0.014). In conclusion, sensitivity to bitterness may moderate the relationship between food consumption patterns and body composition in children.",
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author = "Lee Stoner and Nick Castro and Anna Kucharska-Newton and Abby Smith-Ryan and Sally Lark and Michelle Williams and James Faulkner and Paula Skidmore",
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Stoner, L, Castro, N, Kucharska-Newton, A, Smith-Ryan, A, Lark, S, Williams, M, Faulkner, J & Skidmore, P 2019, 'Food Consumption Patterns and Body Composition in Children: Moderating Effects of Prop Taster Status', Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092037

Food Consumption Patterns and Body Composition in Children: Moderating Effects of Prop Taster Status. / Stoner, Lee; Castro, Nick; Kucharska-Newton, Anna; Smith-Ryan, Abby; Lark, Sally; Williams, Michelle; Faulkner, James; Skidmore, Paula.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 11, No. 9, 31.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Food Consumption Patterns and Body Composition in Children: Moderating Effects of Prop Taster Status

AU - Stoner, Lee

AU - Castro, Nick

AU - Kucharska-Newton, Anna

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AU - Lark, Sally

AU - Williams, Michelle

AU - Faulkner, James

AU - Skidmore, Paula

PY - 2019/8/31

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N2 - This cross-sectional study determined whether 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) taster status moderates the relationship between food consumption patterns and body composition in children. Children were recruited (n = 342, 50% female, 8-10 y) from across New Zealand. Using a food frequency questionnaire, these food consumption patterns were derived: Processed Foods, Fruit and Vegetables, and Breakfast Foods. Body composition variables included: body fat (%), fat mass (kg), fat mass index (FMI, kg/m2), body mass index (kg/m2) and waist to height ratio (W:Ht). Following adjustment for confounders, Processed Foods were positively associated with %fat (p = 0.015), fat mass (p = 0.004) and FMI (p = 0.016). Taste test strips determined PROP status. For Breakfast Foods, there were small negative associations with all body composition variables (p ≤ 0.001 to 0.037). The population sample was also stratified by PROP taster status. For the non-tasters, there were small to moderate negative associations between Breakfast Foods and each body composition variable (p = 0.003-0.045) except W:Ht (p = 0.112), and these relationships were stronger for girls compared to boys. For the tasters, there were small to moderate positive associations between Processed Foods with %fat (p = 0.030), fat mass (p ≤ 0.001) and FMI (p = 0.014). In conclusion, sensitivity to bitterness may moderate the relationship between food consumption patterns and body composition in children.

AB - This cross-sectional study determined whether 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) taster status moderates the relationship between food consumption patterns and body composition in children. Children were recruited (n = 342, 50% female, 8-10 y) from across New Zealand. Using a food frequency questionnaire, these food consumption patterns were derived: Processed Foods, Fruit and Vegetables, and Breakfast Foods. Body composition variables included: body fat (%), fat mass (kg), fat mass index (FMI, kg/m2), body mass index (kg/m2) and waist to height ratio (W:Ht). Following adjustment for confounders, Processed Foods were positively associated with %fat (p = 0.015), fat mass (p = 0.004) and FMI (p = 0.016). Taste test strips determined PROP status. For Breakfast Foods, there were small negative associations with all body composition variables (p ≤ 0.001 to 0.037). The population sample was also stratified by PROP taster status. For the non-tasters, there were small to moderate negative associations between Breakfast Foods and each body composition variable (p = 0.003-0.045) except W:Ht (p = 0.112), and these relationships were stronger for girls compared to boys. For the tasters, there were small to moderate positive associations between Processed Foods with %fat (p = 0.030), fat mass (p ≤ 0.001) and FMI (p = 0.014). In conclusion, sensitivity to bitterness may moderate the relationship between food consumption patterns and body composition in children.

KW - bitterness

KW - breakfast

KW - children

KW - fruits and vegetables

KW - obesity

KW - overweight

KW - processed foods

U2 - 10.3390/nu11092037

DO - 10.3390/nu11092037

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 9

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Stoner L, Castro N, Kucharska-Newton A, Smith-Ryan A, Lark S, Williams M et al. Food Consumption Patterns and Body Composition in Children: Moderating Effects of Prop Taster Status. Nutrients. 2019 Aug 31;11(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092037