From photograph to face-to-face: Brief interactions change person and personality judgments

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Research into ‘first impressions’ frequently uses photographs of faces as representations of unknown others. This is the methodological solution to concerns about standardisation, sample size and experimental control. However, there is little work investigating the robustness of these first impressions through to first interactions. A sample of 97 pairs of stranger participants (N = 194) completed personality measures (Big Five and Triarchic Model of Psychopathy), made personality and social judgments of a photograph of the face of their to-be partner, then engaged in five minutes (maximum) of unstructured interaction with their partner and then made their judgments again. The behaviour of the participants in the interaction was coded using 76 criteria by 13 trained coders. Results showed that, judgments made before and after interaction were correlated, but different. Personality judgment accuracy at Time 1 was poor overall but improved at Time 2 participants for Neuroticism, Extraversion and psychopathic Boldness. Coded behaviours related to ‘engagement’ were those that influenced the person judgments the most, and these were related to Extraversion, Agreeableness and Boldness of participants. Overall, the results of this study show that first impressions of personality change from photographs to face-to-face interaction. Person judgment research should be aware of the extent to which judgments of photographs relate to first interaction.
LanguageEnglish
Pages266-276
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume82
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • First impressions
  • Person judgment
  • Photographs
  • Ecological Validity
  • Ecological validity

Cite this

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title = "From photograph to face-to-face: Brief interactions change person and personality judgments",
abstract = "Research into ‘first impressions’ frequently uses photographs of faces as representations of unknown others. This is the methodological solution to concerns about standardisation, sample size and experimental control. However, there is little work investigating the robustness of these first impressions through to first interactions. A sample of 97 pairs of stranger participants (N = 194) completed personality measures (Big Five and Triarchic Model of Psychopathy), made personality and social judgments of a photograph of the face of their to-be partner, then engaged in five minutes (maximum) of unstructured interaction with their partner and then made their judgments again. The behaviour of the participants in the interaction was coded using 76 criteria by 13 trained coders. Results showed that, judgments made before and after interaction were correlated, but different. Personality judgment accuracy at Time 1 was poor overall but improved at Time 2 participants for Neuroticism, Extraversion and psychopathic Boldness. Coded behaviours related to ‘engagement’ were those that influenced the person judgments the most, and these were related to Extraversion, Agreeableness and Boldness of participants. Overall, the results of this study show that first impressions of personality change from photographs to face-to-face interaction. Person judgment research should be aware of the extent to which judgments of photographs relate to first interaction.",
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From photograph to face-to-face: Brief interactions change person and personality judgments. / Satchell, Liam.

In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 82, 06.03.2019, p. 266-276.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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