Out of the Shadow of Balliceaux: From Garifuna Place of Memory to Garifuna Sense of Place in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Eastern Caribbean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The Garifuna (“Black Carib”) peoples of St Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) define their ethnogenesis in the intermixing of escaped enslaved Africans with indigenous “Island Carib” or Kalinago peoples from the seventeenth century onward. Within the Caribbean context, they thus represent an unusual example of an African diaspora culture. Based upon recent fieldwork, this paper (authored by an archaeologist and a religious studies heritage specialist) examines how non-Garifuna, diasporic Garifuna and Vincentian Garifuna define what it means to “be” Garifuna, and how these often contradictory perspectives can be reconciled within the context of a sustainable community-based heritage tourism strategy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-251
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of African Diaspora Archaeology and Heritage
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2020


  • Garifuna
  • Grenadines
  • Saint Vincent
  • community heritage
  • heritage tourism
  • indigenous heritage
  • 2020

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