Progression in Creativity: Developing new forms of assessment – final research report.

Research output: Book/ReportBookResearch

Abstract

In Spring 2011, Creativity, Culture and Education (CCE) commissioned the Centre for Real-World Learning (CRL) at The University of Winchester to undertake research to establish the viability of creating an assessment framework for tracking the development of young people’s creativity in schools. After reviewing the literature on creativity and its assessment, and consulting expert practitioners, CRL created a framework for developing creativity in schools, and derived an assessment tool to trial in schools. This tool comprised of 5 habits and 15 sub-habits of creativity: 1.Inquisitive (wondering and questioning, exploring and investigating, challenging assumptions) 2.Persistent (sticking with difficulty, daring to be different, tolerating uncertainty) 3.Imaginative (playing with possibilities, making connections, using intuition) 4.Collaborative (sharing the product, giving and sharing feedback, cooperating appropriately) 5.Disciplined (developing techniques, reflecting critically, crafting and improving) Through two separate field trials the research suggested that the framework was sufficiently distinct from existing approaches to creativity to be useful and that from a teacher point of view, the framework was both rigorous and plausible. The principal findings were that: 1.The concept of an assessment framework for creativity in schools is valid and relevant. There was a strong sense among teachers that our framework encompassed a learnable set of dispositions. There are strong grounds for now seeking to develop a more sophisticated prototype, of use to teachers and learners, to track the development of creativity in schools. 2.The framework should initially focus on the 5-14 age range, although some practitioners may find it useful with younger and older pupils. 3.The evidence suggests that the primary use of any assessment framework will be formative, supporting pupils to harness more of their creativity and helping teachers more effectively to cultivate creative dispositions in the young people they teach. In the process of validation with experts, creative practitioners and teachers, a number of other important issues were raised. Most notable of these was a strong sense of reluctance by teachers to make summative judgments about the level of creativity in their pupils, and the researchers found no appetite among teachers for a paper-and-pencil, summative creativity instrument in schools. Measuring creativity, for teachers, would appear to be a fundamentally different task from measuring literacy or even assessing performance in the creative arts. The researchers address this and other issues in this report. As a result of this work, it is the firmly held belief of the CRL research team that the refining of a formative assessment tool to assist pupils in the pursuit of ‘growing’ their creativity could be of great value. The next step would seem to be the development of a more sophisticated prototype. While this study demonstrated effectively a ‘proof of concept’, for the tool to be formatively useful across the age ranges, there is more research to be done concerning effective styles of moderation and of the development of more effective criteria to chart progression. Recommendations for further development include: Maintaining the emphasis on the learnability of creativity; Development of training materials and ‘best practice’ resources for teachers; Incorporating the tool into schools’ reporting systems; Separation of the sub-habits back into three distinct sub-habits; Scrutinising language and selecting a clearly legible printed font; Developing best practice; Developing a more formative tool to point pupils to areas for development; Capturing ‘breadth’ more systematically in the tool; Developing a more systematic evidence collection process; Developing the tool for the virtual environment; and Trialling the tool with the ‘unconverted’.                                               
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2012

Keywords

  • creativity
  • assessment framework
  • schools

Cite this

@book{6d0e66f954d5441889d13e70d83f81f1,
title = "Progression in Creativity: Developing new forms of assessment – final research report.",
abstract = "In Spring 2011, Creativity, Culture and Education (CCE) commissioned the Centre for Real-World Learning (CRL) at The University of Winchester to undertake research to establish the viability of creating an assessment framework for tracking the development of young people’s creativity in schools. After reviewing the literature on creativity and its assessment, and consulting expert practitioners, CRL created a framework for developing creativity in schools, and derived an assessment tool to trial in schools. This tool comprised of 5 habits and 15 sub-habits of creativity: 1.Inquisitive (wondering and questioning, exploring and investigating, challenging assumptions) 2.Persistent (sticking with difficulty, daring to be different, tolerating uncertainty) 3.Imaginative (playing with possibilities, making connections, using intuition) 4.Collaborative (sharing the product, giving and sharing feedback, cooperating appropriately) 5.Disciplined (developing techniques, reflecting critically, crafting and improving) Through two separate field trials the research suggested that the framework was sufficiently distinct from existing approaches to creativity to be useful and that from a teacher point of view, the framework was both rigorous and plausible. The principal findings were that: 1.The concept of an assessment framework for creativity in schools is valid and relevant. There was a strong sense among teachers that our framework encompassed a learnable set of dispositions. There are strong grounds for now seeking to develop a more sophisticated prototype, of use to teachers and learners, to track the development of creativity in schools. 2.The framework should initially focus on the 5-14 age range, although some practitioners may find it useful with younger and older pupils. 3.The evidence suggests that the primary use of any assessment framework will be formative, supporting pupils to harness more of their creativity and helping teachers more effectively to cultivate creative dispositions in the young people they teach. In the process of validation with experts, creative practitioners and teachers, a number of other important issues were raised. Most notable of these was a strong sense of reluctance by teachers to make summative judgments about the level of creativity in their pupils, and the researchers found no appetite among teachers for a paper-and-pencil, summative creativity instrument in schools. Measuring creativity, for teachers, would appear to be a fundamentally different task from measuring literacy or even assessing performance in the creative arts. The researchers address this and other issues in this report. As a result of this work, it is the firmly held belief of the CRL research team that the refining of a formative assessment tool to assist pupils in the pursuit of ‘growing’ their creativity could be of great value. The next step would seem to be the development of a more sophisticated prototype. While this study demonstrated effectively a ‘proof of concept’, for the tool to be formatively useful across the age ranges, there is more research to be done concerning effective styles of moderation and of the development of more effective criteria to chart progression. Recommendations for further development include: Maintaining the emphasis on the learnability of creativity; Development of training materials and ‘best practice’ resources for teachers; Incorporating the tool into schools’ reporting systems; Separation of the sub-habits back into three distinct sub-habits; Scrutinising language and selecting a clearly legible printed font; Developing best practice; Developing a more formative tool to point pupils to areas for development; Capturing ‘breadth’ more systematically in the tool; Developing a more systematic evidence collection process; Developing the tool for the virtual environment; and Trialling the tool with the ‘unconverted’.                                               ",
keywords = "creativity, assessment framework, schools",
author = "Bill Lucas and Guy Claxton and Ellen Spencer",
year = "2012",
month = "4",
day = "1",
language = "English",

}

TY - BOOK

T1 - Progression in Creativity: Developing new forms of assessment – final research report.

AU - Lucas, Bill

AU - Claxton, Guy

AU - Spencer, Ellen

PY - 2012/4/1

Y1 - 2012/4/1

N2 - In Spring 2011, Creativity, Culture and Education (CCE) commissioned the Centre for Real-World Learning (CRL) at The University of Winchester to undertake research to establish the viability of creating an assessment framework for tracking the development of young people’s creativity in schools. After reviewing the literature on creativity and its assessment, and consulting expert practitioners, CRL created a framework for developing creativity in schools, and derived an assessment tool to trial in schools. This tool comprised of 5 habits and 15 sub-habits of creativity: 1.Inquisitive (wondering and questioning, exploring and investigating, challenging assumptions) 2.Persistent (sticking with difficulty, daring to be different, tolerating uncertainty) 3.Imaginative (playing with possibilities, making connections, using intuition) 4.Collaborative (sharing the product, giving and sharing feedback, cooperating appropriately) 5.Disciplined (developing techniques, reflecting critically, crafting and improving) Through two separate field trials the research suggested that the framework was sufficiently distinct from existing approaches to creativity to be useful and that from a teacher point of view, the framework was both rigorous and plausible. The principal findings were that: 1.The concept of an assessment framework for creativity in schools is valid and relevant. There was a strong sense among teachers that our framework encompassed a learnable set of dispositions. There are strong grounds for now seeking to develop a more sophisticated prototype, of use to teachers and learners, to track the development of creativity in schools. 2.The framework should initially focus on the 5-14 age range, although some practitioners may find it useful with younger and older pupils. 3.The evidence suggests that the primary use of any assessment framework will be formative, supporting pupils to harness more of their creativity and helping teachers more effectively to cultivate creative dispositions in the young people they teach. In the process of validation with experts, creative practitioners and teachers, a number of other important issues were raised. Most notable of these was a strong sense of reluctance by teachers to make summative judgments about the level of creativity in their pupils, and the researchers found no appetite among teachers for a paper-and-pencil, summative creativity instrument in schools. Measuring creativity, for teachers, would appear to be a fundamentally different task from measuring literacy or even assessing performance in the creative arts. The researchers address this and other issues in this report. As a result of this work, it is the firmly held belief of the CRL research team that the refining of a formative assessment tool to assist pupils in the pursuit of ‘growing’ their creativity could be of great value. The next step would seem to be the development of a more sophisticated prototype. While this study demonstrated effectively a ‘proof of concept’, for the tool to be formatively useful across the age ranges, there is more research to be done concerning effective styles of moderation and of the development of more effective criteria to chart progression. Recommendations for further development include: Maintaining the emphasis on the learnability of creativity; Development of training materials and ‘best practice’ resources for teachers; Incorporating the tool into schools’ reporting systems; Separation of the sub-habits back into three distinct sub-habits; Scrutinising language and selecting a clearly legible printed font; Developing best practice; Developing a more formative tool to point pupils to areas for development; Capturing ‘breadth’ more systematically in the tool; Developing a more systematic evidence collection process; Developing the tool for the virtual environment; and Trialling the tool with the ‘unconverted’.                                               

AB - In Spring 2011, Creativity, Culture and Education (CCE) commissioned the Centre for Real-World Learning (CRL) at The University of Winchester to undertake research to establish the viability of creating an assessment framework for tracking the development of young people’s creativity in schools. After reviewing the literature on creativity and its assessment, and consulting expert practitioners, CRL created a framework for developing creativity in schools, and derived an assessment tool to trial in schools. This tool comprised of 5 habits and 15 sub-habits of creativity: 1.Inquisitive (wondering and questioning, exploring and investigating, challenging assumptions) 2.Persistent (sticking with difficulty, daring to be different, tolerating uncertainty) 3.Imaginative (playing with possibilities, making connections, using intuition) 4.Collaborative (sharing the product, giving and sharing feedback, cooperating appropriately) 5.Disciplined (developing techniques, reflecting critically, crafting and improving) Through two separate field trials the research suggested that the framework was sufficiently distinct from existing approaches to creativity to be useful and that from a teacher point of view, the framework was both rigorous and plausible. The principal findings were that: 1.The concept of an assessment framework for creativity in schools is valid and relevant. There was a strong sense among teachers that our framework encompassed a learnable set of dispositions. There are strong grounds for now seeking to develop a more sophisticated prototype, of use to teachers and learners, to track the development of creativity in schools. 2.The framework should initially focus on the 5-14 age range, although some practitioners may find it useful with younger and older pupils. 3.The evidence suggests that the primary use of any assessment framework will be formative, supporting pupils to harness more of their creativity and helping teachers more effectively to cultivate creative dispositions in the young people they teach. In the process of validation with experts, creative practitioners and teachers, a number of other important issues were raised. Most notable of these was a strong sense of reluctance by teachers to make summative judgments about the level of creativity in their pupils, and the researchers found no appetite among teachers for a paper-and-pencil, summative creativity instrument in schools. Measuring creativity, for teachers, would appear to be a fundamentally different task from measuring literacy or even assessing performance in the creative arts. The researchers address this and other issues in this report. As a result of this work, it is the firmly held belief of the CRL research team that the refining of a formative assessment tool to assist pupils in the pursuit of ‘growing’ their creativity could be of great value. The next step would seem to be the development of a more sophisticated prototype. While this study demonstrated effectively a ‘proof of concept’, for the tool to be formatively useful across the age ranges, there is more research to be done concerning effective styles of moderation and of the development of more effective criteria to chart progression. Recommendations for further development include: Maintaining the emphasis on the learnability of creativity; Development of training materials and ‘best practice’ resources for teachers; Incorporating the tool into schools’ reporting systems; Separation of the sub-habits back into three distinct sub-habits; Scrutinising language and selecting a clearly legible printed font; Developing best practice; Developing a more formative tool to point pupils to areas for development; Capturing ‘breadth’ more systematically in the tool; Developing a more systematic evidence collection process; Developing the tool for the virtual environment; and Trialling the tool with the ‘unconverted’.                                               

KW - creativity

KW - assessment framework

KW - schools

M3 - Book

BT - Progression in Creativity: Developing new forms of assessment – final research report.

ER -