The cardiorespiratory, anthropometric, and performance characteristics of an international/national touring ballet company

Matthew A. Wyon, Martine A. Deighan, Alan M. Nevill, Michael Doherty, Sharon L. Morrison, Nick Allen, Simon Jobson, Simon George

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wyon, M.A., M.A. Deighan, A.M. Nevill, M. Doherty, S.L. Morrison, N. Allen, S.J. Jobson, and S. George. The cardiorespiratory, anthropometric, and performance characteristics of an international/national touring ballet company. J. Strength Cond. Res. 21(2):389-393. - This study examined the cardiorespiratory and anthropometric indices of professional classical ballet dancers in relation to company seniority, gender, and supplemental training. Forty-nine participants from an international touring company carried out a peak VO2 test and vertical jump test. Anthropometric measurements and supplemental training activities were also recorded for each participant. Statistical analyses showed significant differences between gender and dancer seniority levels. Gender differences were seen for jump height (M = 52.7 ± 7.12 cm; F = 37.6 ± 5.32 cm) and peak VO2 (M = 49.32 ± 3.72 ml·kg-1·min-1; F = 43.3 ± 5.16 ml·kg-1·min-1). Differences were also seen between dancer levels for peak VO2 (artist = 46.47 ± 4.67 ml·kg-1·min-1; first artist = 42.72 ± 5.81 ml·kg-1·min-1; soloist = 43.38 ± 7.14 ml·kg-1·min-1; principal = 49.04 ± 3.63 ml·kg-1·min -1) and jump height (artist = 42.0 ± 9.11 cm; first artist = 50.33 ± 11.65 cm; soloist = 45.6 ± 9.78 cm; principal = 44.67 ± 9.53 cm). Pairwise post hoc comparisons showed that corps and principals had significantly greater relative peak VO2 than first artists and soloists (p < 0.05), while soloists and first artists had significantly greater jump heights compared to principals and corps (p < 0.05). Analysis of covariance modeling indicated that the self-reported mode of supplemental training had no association with relative peak VO2 or the percentage at which ventilatory threshold occurred. The present study has provided further insight into the cardiorespiratory profiles of classical ballet dancers, where soloists have significantly greater power capacities compared to principals and corps, who in turn had significantly greater aerobic power. These data can help guide strength and conditioning intervention strategies that need to take into account the nuances of the different seniority levels within a dance company.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-393
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aerobic
  • Anaerobic
  • Dance
  • Modeling
  • Power

Cite this

Wyon, Matthew A. ; Deighan, Martine A. ; Nevill, Alan M. ; Doherty, Michael ; Morrison, Sharon L. ; Allen, Nick ; Jobson, Simon ; George, Simon. / The cardiorespiratory, anthropometric, and performance characteristics of an international/national touring ballet company. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2007 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 389-393.
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The cardiorespiratory, anthropometric, and performance characteristics of an international/national touring ballet company. / Wyon, Matthew A.; Deighan, Martine A.; Nevill, Alan M.; Doherty, Michael; Morrison, Sharon L.; Allen, Nick; Jobson, Simon; George, Simon.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 21, No. 2, 01.05.2007, p. 389-393.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - The cardiorespiratory, anthropometric, and performance characteristics of an international/national touring ballet company

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AU - Deighan, Martine A.

AU - Nevill, Alan M.

AU - Doherty, Michael

AU - Morrison, Sharon L.

AU - Allen, Nick

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AU - George, Simon

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