Tourism Education in France and Sustainable Development Goal 4 (Quality Education)

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This study aims to focus on the phenomenon of “over-education” characterized by a discrepancy between education provided and the needs of the economy vis-à-vis employment. The study considers this issue with reference to tourism and courses taught in the field. Specifically, the phenomenon of over-education is investigated with reference to university graduates in tourism and their employability in the sector.

The research design draws from secondary data derived from a review of the literature on tourism and education.

The findings point to a need to consider aspects of tourism (field of study and discipline) in destination management. This is to avoid discrepancy at macro and micro levels and at a discipline and industry level. This strategy would also help to ensure synergy between tourism education and the needs of the tourism industry as advocated by the Helix model.

By focussing on over-education, this study shows that Sustainable development goal (SDG) 4, which relates to quality education, may be addressed. The outcome of the study also leads to the conclusion that SDG 4 should be based on not only access to education and school enrolment rates at all levels, particularly for girls, but also the relationship between education and actual employment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWorldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes
Issue numberahead-of-print
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2021


  • France
  • Tourism
  • Sustainability
  • Destination performance
  • Over-education

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