Science, Technology and Innovation as Social Goods for Development

Rethinking Research Capacity Building from Sen’s Capabilities Approach

Maru Mormina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Science and technology are key to economic and social development, yet the capacity for scientific innovation remains globally unequally distributed. Although a priority for development cooperation, building or developing research capacity is often reduced in practice to promoting knowledge transfers, for example through North–South partnerships. Research capacity building/development tends to focus on developing scientists’ technical competencies through training, without parallel investments to develop and sustain the socioeconomic and political structures that facilitate knowledge creation. This, the paper argues, significantly contributes to the scientific divide between developed and developing countries more than any skills shortage. Using Charles Taylor’s concept of irreducibly social goods, the paper extends Sen’s Capabilities Approach beyond its traditional focus on individual entitlements to present a view of scientific knowledge as a social good and the capability to produce it as a social capability. Expanding this capability requires going beyond current fragmented approaches to research capacity building to holistically strengthen the different social, political and economic structures that make up a nation’s innovation system. This has implications for the interpretation of human rights instruments beyond their current focus on access to knowledge and for focusing science policy and global research partnerships to design approaches to capacity building/development beyond individual training/skills building.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalScience and Engineering Ethics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Development
  • Capacity building
  • Science, technology and innovation
  • Research systems
  • North-South partnerships
  • Capabilities approach
  • Collective or social capabilities
  • Low and middle income countries
  • North–South partnerships
  • Science technology and innovation

Cite this

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abstract = "Science and technology are key to economic and social development, yet the capacity for scientific innovation remains globally unequally distributed. Although a priority for development cooperation, building or developing research capacity is often reduced in practice to promoting knowledge transfers, for example through North–South partnerships. Research capacity building/development tends to focus on developing scientists’ technical competencies through training, without parallel investments to develop and sustain the socioeconomic and political structures that facilitate knowledge creation. This, the paper argues, significantly contributes to the scientific divide between developed and developing countries more than any skills shortage. Using Charles Taylor’s concept of irreducibly social goods, the paper extends Sen’s Capabilities Approach beyond its traditional focus on individual entitlements to present a view of scientific knowledge as a social good and the capability to produce it as a social capability. Expanding this capability requires going beyond current fragmented approaches to research capacity building to holistically strengthen the different social, political and economic structures that make up a nation’s innovation system. This has implications for the interpretation of human rights instruments beyond their current focus on access to knowledge and for focusing science policy and global research partnerships to design approaches to capacity building/development beyond individual training/skills building.",
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Science, Technology and Innovation as Social Goods for Development : Rethinking Research Capacity Building from Sen’s Capabilities Approach. / Mormina, Maru.

In: Science and Engineering Ethics, 01.03.2018, p. 1-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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